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Air pollution caused by coal-fired winter heating has slashed life expectancy in northern China by more than three years compared with the south Nick Vigil Youth Jersey , according to a new study, underlining the urgency of Beijing’s efforts to tackle smog.

Researchers with the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC) said average lifespans north of the Huai river, where China supplies mostly coal-fired winter heat, were 3.1 years lower than in the south, which is not covered by the state heating policy. EPIC’s study cites long-term smog exposure as a primary cause of the difference.

In a statement Joe Mixon Youth Jersey , EPIC said its study examined pollution and mortality data in 154 cities from 2004 to 2012, and found higher death rates were due entirely to increases in cardiorespiratory illnesses. EPIC didn’t give an absolute number for average life expectancy, but said its study was the first to focus on differences in air quality north and south of the Huai river.

“We know on highly polluted days more people die and more people are sick, but what this study helps to isolate are the consequences of long-run sustained exposure,” said Michael Greenstone John Ross Youth Jersey , EPIC director and one of the report’s authors.

China is in the fourth year of a “war on pollution” designed to reverse the damage done by decades of untrammelled economic growth and allay concerns that hazardous smog and widespread water and soil contamination are causing hundreds of thousands of early deaths every year.

According to EPIC, if China were to comply with World Health Organization air quality standards, its people could live 3.5 years longer on average.

FILE PHOTO: People make their way through heavy smog on an extremely polluted day with red alert issued, in Shengfang, Hebei province Jessie Bates III Youth Jersey , China December 19, 2016. REUTERS

EPIC said its study was able to isolate the impact of air pollution on health in northern China versus the south.

Every 10 micrograms per cubic meter of additional long-term exposure to smog particles cuts life expectancy by 0.6 years, the study found.

Average readings of PM2.5 pollution - breathable airborne particles of less than 2.5 micrometers in diameter - stood at 45 micrograms per cubic meter in China from January to July, with the northern Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region reaching 69 micrograms. The national standard is 35 micrograms.

Beijing has promised to impose tough industrial and traffic curbs this winter and is also in the process of shutting thousands of coal-fired boilers.

The government has acknowledged pollution is a health hazard but researchers have said more data was needed to understand its full effects, especially when it comes to the specific role it plays in diseases like lung cancer.

“We have enough evidence for the short-term effects of air pollution Billy Price Youth Jersey , but for long-term health, it is far from sufficient,” said Kan Haidong, professor at the School of Public Health at Fudan University in Shanghai, adding that the government has recently commissioned new studies. Kan wasn’t involved in the EPIC work but has worked on his own pollution studies.

“In the next five years Dre Kirkpatrick Youth Jersey , there is going to be more and more evidence linking air pollution with health in China,” he said.

" For autism in children, there can never be a one-size-fits-all therapy. Children with autism differ in the way they respond to therapy and their condition is the ultimate determining point as to what kind of therapy is best suited. The sessions of therapy, be it speech therapy or behavioral therapy, have to be conditioned according to the child receiving the treatment. For children Vontaze Burfict Youth Jersey , treating autism has to be structured and specialized. Trial and error methods are only used if the regular therapy routines are not giving the desired results. There are many ways to treat autism and some of the methods endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) are listed here.

Let's look at some of the specialized therapies used to treat autism in children. You can break up these therapies into different modules like speech therapy and occupational therapy. The speech therapy sessions include enabling the child to speak fluently and overcome pronunciation difficulties. Voice therapy is also part of this schedule. Communication skills and the ability to express their mind is crucial for autistic children because that opens up their mind. Otherwise, they feel bottled up and develop psychological problems. The occupational therapy sessions are about responding to people around in a systematic way. In these sessions, the autistic child's ability to react to the five senses is strengthened.

Behavioral therapy is as important to treat autism as specialized therapies. In this session, the child is able to build up social skills. It improves the ability of the child to communicate and engage in social activities. Sometimes, medicines are also used for better behavioral therapy. Problems such as depression Carlos Dunlap Youth Jersey , obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), anxiety and hyperactivity are generally observed in autistic children. In cases where usual therapy sessions don't bring results, medicines are prescribed. The stress, however, is laid on natural remedies to get rid of these behavioral problems. Children with autism are advised to get proper sleep with early bedtimes. Insomnia is a serious concern for those with autism. Medicines are used when nothing else works.

In the present times Tyler Eifert Youth Jersey , autism in children is being treated with a clutch of new methods. Auditory integration training is one of the alternative therapy methods used. Debate still rages on if hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) should be used to treat autism. Experiments have shown that HBOT does product positive results but many medical facilities are not yet convinced that this method should be used. Whatever be th. Wholesale Jerseys Wholesale Cheap Jerseys China Wholesale MLB Jerseys Wholesale Custom Jerseys Wholesale NHL Jerseys For Cheap Wholesale Nike NFL Jerseys China Wholesale College Jerseys From China Wholesale NBA Jerseys Free Shippping Cheap Jerseys From China Cheap Jerseys From China
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